Tracing the Evolution of Information Security and ISO/IEC 27001

The late 1960s and early 1970s marked the inception of modern security policy information development, as it is known today. During this era, security policy information primarily resided within classified government sectors, encompassing internal security protocols and remaining safeguarded from public access. In the ensuing decade, both confidential and democratic processes, evolving into transparent data zones. Despite this transformation, these zones remain crucial in meeting the demands for information security. The data domain embodies the contemporary information landscape, encompassing unclassified and classified data, personal information, intellectual property, and the framework of electronic government administration. The modern understanding of security policy information within the business sector is viewed as a safeguarding mechanism for information resources in a comprehensive manner. Information security refers to the state where the integrity of hardware, processes, and data, along with their availability and confidentiality, are safeguarded. It’s important to note that information security differs from IT security. Specifically, information security pertains to the safeguarding of information irrespective of the medium through which it is stored and transmitted.


Throughout history, information has consistently stood out as one of the most precious assets for any organization, necessitating its protection. In the pursuit of ease of access and efficiency in preservation, a significant portion of global information is now stored electronically and accessible online. However, this shift poses certain challenges; depending on its significance, this information may be susceptible to various risks and threats. In recent years, there has been a notable increase in cyberattacks aimed at sensitive or confidential data. The growth of a company may heighten its attractiveness as a target for such attacks, and inadvertent disclosure of confidential information can severely damage the company’s reputation, revenue, and reliability. Considering all these factors, developing robust data security strategies is essential not only for attracting new clients but also for nurturing existing relationships.


ISO/IEC 27001 Information Security Management System, established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), is a management system designed to identify, assess, and develop mitigation strategies for potential risks. It provides guidance to organizations in crafting an information security strategy tailored to their specific needs and requirements. When a corporation opts to implement an information security strategy, it must initially develop its own approach to effectively address risks and threats in information security. Additionally, it must ensure the consistency of its information security strategy in compliance with ISO/IEC 27001. The standard does not prescribe specific processes for achieving compliance; rather, these procedures must be established and executed according to company-specific protocols.